Erebia epiphron - Small Mountain Ringlet Butterfly

Image of Aglais io Butterfly

Formal Name: Erebia epiphron

Informal Name: Small Mountain Ringlet

Conservation Status: No threat to conservation and numbers have been on the rise

Location: Europe and Asia

Average Wingspan (cm): 5.3

Seen Between: May - July

Description: Erebia epiphron are informally known as Small Mountain Ringlet. It has an average wingspan of 3 cm.

The dorsal sides of their wings are shades of brown with black veins. Towards the edge of the wings are small orange markings with black spots in them. The ventral side of the wings is brown with black veins and small black markings at the edge. This appearance helps to keep the small mountain ringlet camouflaged and protected from predators.

Erebia epiphron feed on several plants such as Wild Thyme, Meadow Buttercup, Hawkweeds and Bilberry. The males also feed on the minerals found in damp soil and muddy puddles. They are seen between June- August. The Small Mountain Ringlets natural habitat consists of boggy and moist grounds where Mat-grass is, sheltered areas and Mountains.

In the UK, Erebia epiphron is spotted in Scotland and few areas in the North of England. Some experts believe that this is one of the first butterflies to reappear in Britain following the last ice age. Its conservation status is stable and not a threat in Europe. However, in the United Kingdom, this species is of conservation concern and classed as a high priority.