Coenonympha pamphilus - Small Heath Butterfly

Image of Aglais io Butterfly

Formal Name: Coenonympha pamphilus

Informal Name: Small Heath

Conservation Status: Conservation status is classed as least concern.

Location: Africa, Europe and Asia

Average Wingspan (cm): 3.6

Seen Between: June - August

Description: Coenonympha pamphilus is informally known as the Small Heath butterfly. It has an average wingspan of 3.6cm.

They are seen in England and Wales between June and August. Its habitat consists of grass, meadows, heaths, railway embankments; but can be seen in gardens and parks. Small Heath butterflies are considered a low priority as they are not at threat under the Conservation Act. They thrive on Brambles, Buttercups and Yarrow.

The Small Heath is a deep orange on the upper side of their wings, with small white and brown detailing along the edge. An 'eye' pattern features on each of the front wings, the underside being orange with a black 'eye' on them. The rear wings are a dull brown and white. They often have their wings closed when they rest as it keeps them camouflaged whilst their 'eye' marking helps to deter predators.